May 23
Today In History

TODAY IN HISTORY

1430 On this day in 1430, a pivotal moment in history unfolded as Joan of Arc, the fearless French heroine, was captured during the Siege of Compiègne by troops from the Burgundian faction, altering the course of the Hundred Years' War.

1498 In Florence, Italy, on May 23, 1498, the flames of religious fervor raged as Girolamo Savonarola met a fiery fate, burned at the stake for his unyielding beliefs and sermons that challenged the status quo.

1533 The echoes of history resound on May 23, 1533, when the marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon was officially declared null and void, setting the stage for profound religious and political changes in England.

1568 May 23, 1568, witnessed the spark of rebellion as Dutch rebels, led by Louis of Nassau, achieved a decisive victory in the Battle of Heiligerlee. This event marked the beginning of the Eighty Years' War for Dutch independence.

1609 On this date in 1609, the Second Virginia Charter received official ratification, laying the foundation for the English colonization of America and the establishment of the Jamestown settlement in the New World.

1618 May 23, 1618, marks the historic moment known as the Second Defenestration of Prague, an event that ignited the powder keg of the Thirty Years' War, a devastating conflict that would engulf Europe for decades to come.

1706 The pages of military history were rewritten on May 23, 1706, when John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, secured a resounding victory by defeating a French army under Marshal François de Neufville at the Battle of Ramillies.

1788 South Carolina made its mark in American history on May 23, 1788, by becoming the eighth state to ratify the United States Constitution, contributing to the foundation of the young nation's enduring principles.

1793 The tumultuous days of the Flanders Campaign during the War of the First Coalition saw the Battle of Famars unfold on May 23, 1793, where military strategies clashed and the fate of nations hung in the balance.

1829 Vienna, Austrian Empire, witnessed a harmonious invention on May 23, 1829, as an accordion patent was granted to Cyrill Demian, paving the way for the melodious sound that would enrich music across the world.

1844 On the eve of May 23, 1844, in Shiraz, a merchant named the Báb declared himself a Prophet, laying the cornerstone of a religious movement. This event, though later suppressed, is celebrated by Baháʼís as a holy day.

1846 The chapter of the Mexican-American War closed on May 23, 1846, as the United States and Mexico agreed to the Treaty of Hidalgo, formally ending the war and recognizing Texas as a part of the United States.

1863 In Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony, on May 23, 1863, the General German Workers' Association was founded, laying the groundwork for the modern Social Democratic Party of Germany and shaping the nation's political landscape.

1873 The enduring symbol of law and order in Canada, the North-West Mounted Police, was established on May 23, 1873, setting the stage for the legendary Royal Canadian Mounted Police to protect and serve the nation.

1900 May 23, 1900, saw the valor of Sergeant William Harvey Carney in the American Civil War as he was awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions during the Assault on Battery Wagner in 1863.

1905 On May 23, 1905, Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire publicly proclaimed the Ullah Millet, a significant development for the Aromanian community, and the Aromanian National Day is celebrated in its honor.

1907 In 1907, Finland embarked on a unique political journey as its unicameral Parliament gathered for its inaugural plenary session, marking the dawn of a new era in Finnish governance on May 23.

1911 On May 23, 1911, the literary and intellectual heart of New York City was celebrated as the New York Public Library was officially dedicated, enriching the cultural tapestry of the city and the world.

1915 World War I witnessed a pivotal moment on May 23, 1915, as Italy fulfilled its commitment to the Allies by joining the fight, in accordance with the Treaty of London, reshaping the dynamics of the Great War.

1932 In Brazil, the echoes of protest reverberated on May 23, 1932, when four students were tragically shot and killed during a demonstration against the Brazilian dictator Getúlio Vargas, foreshadowing the Constitutionalist Revolution.

1934 Infamous American outlaws Bonnie and Clyde met their end on May 23, 1934, as they were ambushed and killed by police in Bienville Parish, Louisiana, marking a violent conclusion to their infamous criminal exploits.

1934 The "Battle of Toledo" erupted on May 23, 1934, as the Auto-Lite strike culminated in a five-day melee between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers, highlighting the challenges faced by labor movements.

1939 A tragic maritime incident unfolded on May 23, 1939, when the U.S. Navy submarine USS Squalus sank off the coast of New Hampshire during a test dive, resulting in the loss of 24 sailors and two civilian technicians.

1945 The shadow of World War II cast a long shadow on May 23, 1945, as Heinrich Himmler, head of the Schutzstaffel, took his own life while in Allied custody, marking a significant moment in the post-war era.

1945 On May 23, 1945, the vestiges of the German Flensburg Government, under Karl Dönitz, crumbled as its members were apprehended by British forces, marking the twilight of Nazi rule and the dawn of a new Germany.

1948 In a tragic turn of events, U.S. Consul-General Thomas C. Wasson was assassinated in Jerusalem, Israel, on May 23, 1948, highlighting the complex geopolitical landscape of the region during that pivotal time.

1949 On May 23, 1949, the Western occupying powers took a historic step by approving the Basic Law, paving the way for the establishment of a new German state, the Federal Republic of Germany, amid the backdrop of the Cold War.

1951 Diplomatic history took an unexpected turn on May 23, 1951, when Tibetans signed the Seventeen Point Agreement with China, setting in motion a series of events that would reshape the destiny of the Tibetan people.

1960 The tranquility of Hilo, Hawaii, was shattered on May 23, 1960, when a devastating tsunami, triggered by an earthquake in Chile, claimed the lives of 61 people, leaving the community in shock and mourning.

1971 On May 23, 1971, a tragic aviation disaster occurred as Aviogenex Flight 130 crashed during its approach to Rijeka Airport in present-day Rijeka, Croatia, resulting in the loss of seventy-eight lives.

1971 The iconic Intercontinental Hotel in Bucharest opened its doors on May 23, 1971, becoming the second-tallest building in the city and a symbol of hospitality and modernity in the heart of Romania's capital.

1992 Italy's relentless pursuit of justice took a tragic turn on May 23, 1992, when the nation's most prominent anti-mafia judge, Giovanni Falcone, his wife, and three bodyguards were killed by the Corleonesi clan with a half-ton bomb near Capaci, Sicily, marking a turning point in the fight against the Italian Mafia.

1995 A new era in programming dawned on May 23, 1995, as the first version of the revolutionary Java programming language was released, laying the foundation for countless software applications and technological advancements.

1998 On May 23, 1998, a momentous step towards peace and reconciliation was taken in Northern Ireland as the Good Friday Agreement was accepted in a referendum, with approximately 75% of the populace voting in favor of this historic accord.

2002 The global commitment to environmental stewardship reached a milestone on May 23, 2002, as the "55 parties" clause of the Kyoto Protocol was officially reached, following its ratification by Iceland, paving the way for international efforts to combat climate change.

2006 Nature's raw power was on display on May 23, 2006, when Alaskan stratovolcano Mount Cleveland erupted, reminding humanity of the Earth's geological forces and the dynamic relationship between land and lava.

2008 After a lengthy territorial dispute, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) delivered a verdict on May 23, 2008, awarding Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh) to Singapore, ending a 29-year-long chapter of diplomatic tensions between the two nations.

2013 On May 23, 2013, a dramatic incident unfolded in Mount Vernon, Washington, as a freeway bridge carrying Interstate 5 over the Skagit River collapsed, sending shockwaves through the community and prompting urgent infrastructure assessments.

2014 A tragic spree of violence gripped the campus of the University of California, Santa Barbara, on May 23, 2014, as seven lives were tragically lost, including the perpetrator, in a devastating incident that shook the academic community and the nation.

2015 On May 23, 2015, the skies unleashed their fury, resulting in catastrophic flooding caused by a tornado in Texas and Oklahoma, leading to the loss of at least 46 lives and underscoring the unpredictable and devastating power of natural disasters.

2016 In Aden, Yemen, on May 23, 2016, tragedy struck as two suicide bombings, orchestrated by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), claimed the lives of at least 45 potential army recruits, underscoring the volatile and perilous conditions in the region.

2016 Coastal cities in Syria, Jableh, and Tartus, became the epicenter of terror on May 23, 2016, as eight bombings, orchestrated by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), led to the loss of 184 lives and left over 200 people injured, highlighting the ongoing instability and threat posed by extremist groups in the region.

2017 On May 23, 2017, in response to the Maute's attack in Marawi, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte declared martial law in Mindanao, underscoring the ongoing challenges faced by the nation in maintaining security and stability in the region.

2021 Tragedy struck in northern Italy on May 23, 2021, as a cable car plummeted from a mountain near Lake Maggiore, resulting in the loss of 14 lives and leaving the nation in mourning, while raising questions about the safety of mountain transportation systems.

2021 On May 23, 2021, Ryanair Flight 4978 was forced to land by Belarusian authorities to detain dissident journalist Roman Protasevich, sparking international outrage and raising concerns about the use of aviation for political purposes.

2022 Australia witnessed a political transformation on May 23, 2022, when Anthony Albanese of the Australian Labor Party was sworn in as the 31st Prime Minister of Australia, ending nine years of conservative rule and marking a new chapter in the nation's political landscape.

Famous US Presidents

Joe Biden

Nov 20,1942 - Present

THE 46TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Donald Trump

Jun 14,1946 - Present

THE 45TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Barack Obama

Aug 04,1961 - Present

THE 44TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

George W. Bush

Jul 06,1946 - Present

THE 43RD PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Bill Clinton

Aug 19,1946 - Present

THE 42ND PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

George H. W. Bush

Jun 12,1924 - Nov 30,2018

THE 41ST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Ronald Reagan

Feb 06,1911 - Jun 05,2004

THE 40TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Jimmy Carter

Oct 01,1924 - Present

THE 39TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Gerald Ford

Jul 14,1913 - Dec 26,2006

THE 38TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Richard Nixon

Jan 09,1913 - Apr 22,1994

THE 37TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Lyndon B. Johnson

Aug 27,1908 - Jan 22,1973

THE 36TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

John F. Kennedy

May 29,1917 - Nov 22,1963

THE 35TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Oct 14,1890 - Mar 28,1969

THE 34TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Harry S. Truman

May 08,1884 - Dec 26,1972

THE 33RD PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Jan 30,1882 - Apr 12,1945

THE 32ND PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Herbert Hoover

Aug 10,1874 - Oct 20,1964

THE 31ST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Calvin Coolidge

Jul 04,1872 - Jan 05,1933

THE 30TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Warren G. Harding

Nov 02,1865 - Aug 02,1923

THE 29TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Woodrow Wilson

Dec 28,1856 - Feb 03,1924

THE 28TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

William Howard Taft

Sep 15,1857 - Mar 08,1930

THE 27TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES