Jul 14
Today In History

Historical Events in 1789

1789 Boston became the birthplace of American literature as the first American novel, "The Power of Sympathy," by William Hill Brown, was published.

1789 Georgetown College, the first Catholic university in the United States, takes root in Georgetown, Maryland, under the visionary leadership of Bishop John Carroll and others, laying the foundation for future education.

1789 The triumphant emergence of Tây Sơn forces in 1789 against Qing armies marked a significant turning point in Vietnamese history, liberating Thăng Long and reshaping the nation's destiny.

1789 George Washington's unanimous election as the first President of the United States by the U.S. Electoral College marks the birth of a new nation and a pivotal moment in world history.

1789 In New York City, the inaugural session of the first United States Congress commences, putting the newly ratified Constitution into action.

1789 The United States House of Representatives, achieving its inaugural quorum in New York City, elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first Speaker.

1789 John Adams's swearing-in as the first US Vice President, preceding George Washington's inauguration, marked the birth of American political traditions.

1789 George Washington's gracious reception in Trenton by the Ladies of Trenton reflects the spirit of unity and anticipation during a pivotal moment in U.S. history.

1789 Mutiny on the Bounty: Lieutenant William Bligh and his sailors face the open sea, embarking on an unforgettable journey.

1789 George Washington's Inauguration: George Washington takes the oath of office on the balcony of Federal Hall in New York City, becoming the first President of the United States and marking the birth of the nation.

1789 In France, the Estates-General convenes, breaking a centuries-long hiatus and foreshadowing the French Revolution.

1789 James Madison's introduction of twelve proposed amendments to the U.S. Constitution in Congress shaped the nation's foundational document.

1789 Mutiny on the Bounty Survivors: Survivors of the HMS Bounty mutiny, including Captain William Bligh and 18 others, reached Timor after a harrowing 7,400 km journey in an open boat.

1789 In 1789, France witnessed a pivotal moment as the Third Estate declared itself the National Assembly, a crucial step in the lead-up to the French Revolution.

1789 In 1789, deputies of the French Third Estate take the Tennis Court Oath, a pivotal moment that symbolizes the early stages of the French Revolution.

1789 The National Assembly in Versailles undergoes a transformation, reconstituting itself as the National Constituent Assembly, ushering in preparations for a groundbreaking French constitution.

1789 Explorer Alexander Mackenzie reached the Mackenzie River delta, marking a crucial milestone in North American exploration.

1789 The stormy political landscape of revolutionary France witnesses a pivotal moment as Jacques Necker, the Finance Minister, faces dismissal, paving the way for the iconic Storming of the Bastille.

1789 The world-altering Storming of the Bastille unfolded in Paris, a cataclysmic event that propelled the simmering discontent into the full-blown French Revolution, celebrated annually as Bastille Day.

1789 The tumultuous era of the French Revolution ushers in the appointment of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, as Colonel General of the new National Guard of Paris, a pivotal step in the nation's transformation.

1789 The foundations of diplomacy and foreign affairs in the United States were laid in 1789 when the first federal government agency, the Department of Foreign Affairs, was established. This agency would later be renamed the Department of State, playing a pivotal role in shaping the nation's foreign policy.

1789 A momentous development in the French Revolution occurs as the National Constituent Assembly abolishes feudalism in France, symbolizing a significant step toward societal change and modernization.

1789 The United States Department of War was founded, playing a pivotal role in the country's defense and military strategy.

1789 A historic naval battle commences in the Gulf of Finland, marking the initiation of the first naval conflict of the Russo-Swedish War of 1788–1790.

1789 The National Constituent Assembly of France ratifies the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, a monumental step in the quest for human rights.

1789 The renowned astronomer William Herschel makes a groundbreaking discovery by identifying a new moon of Saturn: Enceladus.

1789 The foundation of the United States Department of the Treasury marked a crucial step in the nation's financial management, impacting its future economic policies.

1789 Alexander Hamilton assumes the role of the first United States Secretary of the Treasury, marking a pivotal moment in the establishment of the nation's financial system.

1789 The United States underwent a transformation as the "Department of Foreign Affairs" evolved into the Department of State with broader domestic responsibilities.

1789 Establishment of the United States Postmaster General's office, pivotal for communication in the new nation.

1789 Alexander Suvorov's triumph over Ottoman forces in the Battle of Rymnik, influencing European geopolitics.

1789 The United States Congress passes the Judiciary Act, establishing the federal judiciary system and the Supreme Court.

1789 In 1789, the United States Congress passed twelve constitutional amendments, including the Bill of Rights.

1789 George Washington appointed Thomas Jefferson as the first United States Secretary of State.

1789 In the late 18th century, the United States Department of War established its first regular army, marking a crucial development in the early days of the United States.

1789 The United States Bill of Rights is sent to the States for ratification, shaping the nation's foundational principles and legal framework.

1789 A historic proclamation by George Washington designates November 26, 1789, as Thanksgiving Day, fostering a cherished American tradition.

1789 The Women's March on Versailles during the French Revolution marked the turning point that effectively dismantled the monarchy's authority in France.

1789 King Louis XVI's relocation from Versailles to the Tuileries Palace signified a pivotal moment in the French Revolution's unfolding drama.

1789 John Jay's swearing-in as the first Chief Justice of the United States solidifies the nation's judicial system and sets the stage for a strong judicial branch.

1789 In a historic moment, New Jersey becomes the inaugural U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights, laying the foundation for civil liberties.

1789 North Carolina's ratification of the United States Constitution marked a pivotal step in the formation of the nation, as it became the 12th U.S. state.

1789 President George Washington's proclamation of a national Thanksgiving Day in the United States, as requested by Congress, lays the foundation for a beloved American tradition.

1789 The radical journalist Camille Desmoulins delivered a stirring speech in response to the dismissal of French finance minister Jacques Necker. This event triggered the iconic storming of the Bastille just two days later, a pivotal moment in the French Revolution.

1789 George Washington's historic journey to Grays Ferry, Philadelphia, en route to his presidential inauguration in Manhattan marked a pivotal moment in American history.

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