Jun 21
Today In History

Historical Events in 1775

1775 Tensions rise as the British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion, a crucial development in the lead-up to the American Revolutionary War.

1775 An enigmatic author, suspected by some to be Thomas Paine, ushers in a pivotal moment with the publication of "African Slavery in America," advocating for the emancipation of slaves and the abolition of slavery in the American colonies.

1775 On March 23, 1775, Patrick Henry delivered a rousing speech that played a significant role in stoking the flames of the American Revolutionary War. His impassioned words continue to be remembered as a pivotal moment in American history.

1775 The American Revolution gained momentum as British forces advanced by sea. Paul Revere and fellow riders played a crucial role in alerting the countryside to these troop movements, setting the stage for the struggle for independence.

1775 The American Revolutionary War commences with a resounding American victory in Concord during the famed battles of Lexington and Concord, marking the birth of a new nation.

1775 In a daring feat, a Colonial militia, led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold, captures Fort Ticonderoga, marking a bold move in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War.

1775 The Second Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia, uniting American colonies in their quest for independence during the American Revolutionary War.

1775 The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence, reportedly signed in Charlotte, North Carolina, foreshadowed the growing desire for American independence before the Revolutionary War.

1775 The Mecklenburg Resolves, born in the heart of North Carolina, became a clarion call in the American Revolution's early days.

1775 The American Revolutionary War takes to the high seas as the Battle of Machias marks the conflict's inaugural naval engagement. This encounter results in the capture of a small British naval vessel, a symbolic victory for the American forces as they assert their independence.

1775 Tensions escalated during the American War of Independence in 1775 when British General Thomas Gage declared martial law in Massachusetts. The British offered amnesty to most colonists, with Samuel Adams and John Hancock as exceptions.

1775 Birth of the Continental Army: The Continental Congress established the Continental Army, a pivotal moment in the formation of the United States Armed Forces during the American Revolutionary War.

1775 The Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775 during the American Revolutionary War saw colonists inflicting heavy casualties on British forces, despite their ultimate loss. It became a symbol of colonial resistance.

1775 The American Revolutionary War gained a crucial leader in 1775 when George Washington assumed command of the Continental Army in Cambridge, Massachusetts, marking a pivotal moment in the fight for independence.

1775 The Second Continental Congress, in pursuit of peace, adopted the Olive Branch Petition, a historic attempt at reconciliation during the American Revolution, reflecting the desire for harmony.

1775 In 1775, the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies took a historic step by signing the Olive Branch Petition, an attempt to seek reconciliation with Britain before the American Revolutionary War.

1775 The United States Post Office Department is established by the Second Continental Congress, with Benjamin Franklin assuming the role of Postmaster General.

1775 The Second Continental Congress took a historic step in 1775 by passing legislation that led to the founding of the U.S. Army Medical Department. This move was aimed at establishing a hospital to cater to the healthcare needs of an army consisting of 20,000 men, a significant development during the American Revolution.

1775 General George Washington takes an instrumental step in the formation of the United States as he appoints William Tudor as Judge Advocate of the Continental Army, laying the foundations of justice and order.

1775 The Spanish established the Presidio San Augustin del Tucson on this date, a pivotal moment in the history of Tucson, Arizona. This marked the beginning of a lasting Spanish presence in the region.

1775 On August 23, 1775, King George III of Britain delivered his Proclamation of Rebellion, acknowledging the American colonies' open and avowed rebellion. This proclamation marked a pivotal moment in the lead-up to the American Revolutionary War.

1775 The Rising of the Priests in Malta, although unsuccessful, reflected the fervor and desire for change that simmered in this Mediterranean island.

1775 Benedict Arnold's expedition departs from Cambridge, Massachusetts, setting the stage for a significant campaign in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War.

1775 The American Revolutionary War began with the Siege of Fort St. Jean on September 17, 1775. This event marked the start of a pivotal chapter in American history as colonists sought independence from British rule.

1775 During the American Revolution in 1775, Ethan Allen surrendered to British forces after attempting to capture Montreal.

1775 Also in 1775, Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec set off, a significant event in the early stages of the Revolution.

1775 The Continental Congress takes a significant step by establishing the Continental Navy, a precursor to the mighty United States Navy.

1775 The chains of enslavement are finally shattered as African-American poet Phillis Wheatley gains her long-awaited freedom from the bonds of slavery, marking a profound moment in the struggle for human rights.

1775 The American Revolutionary War rages on as Falmouth, known today as Portland, Maine, becomes a poignant symbol of the conflict when it is subjected to the destructive flames of war in the infamous event known as the Burning of Falmouth.

1775 King George III delivers a historic speech, expanding on his Proclamation of Rebellion in the Thirteen Colonies.

1775 John Murray, the Royal Governor of Virginia, initiated the first large-scale emancipation of slaves in North America by issuing Lord Dunmore's Offer of Emancipation on November 7, 1775.

1775 Samuel Nicholas establishes the United States Marine Corps at Tun Tavern in Philadelphia, a momentous occasion in American military history that endures to this day.

1775 The American Revolutionary War saw General Richard Montgomery's patriot forces successfully occupy Montreal, marking a key moment in the struggle for American independence.

1775 The American Revolutionary War takes a bold turn as USS Alfred becomes the first vessel to proudly fly the Grand Union Flag, a symbol that would evolve into the iconic Stars and Stripes, with John Paul Jones at the helm.

1775 Henry Knox embarks on his historic journey to transport artillery from Fort Ticonderoga to Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1775 In a pivotal moment of the American Revolutionary War, British troops, misinformed about the strength of Patriot militia, suffered defeat at the Battle of Great Bridge, marking the end of British rule in Virginia.

1775 The Battle of Quebec during the American Revolutionary War witnessed British forces repelling a fierce attack by Continental Army General Richard Montgomery.

1775 The British East India Company factory on Balambangan Island is destroyed by Moro pirates.

1775 The American Revolutionary War escalated with the Siege of Boston following the iconic battles at Lexington and Concord, setting the stage for independence.

1775 Philadelphia becomes the birthplace of change as Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush organize the Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage, a milestone in the abolitionist movement.

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