Jun 21
Today In History

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533 In the year 533, a historic chapter unfolded as a Byzantine expeditionary fleet, commanded by the renowned Belisarius, set sail from Constantinople. Their mission: to launch a daring attack against the Vandals in Africa, embarking on a perilous journey through the lands of Greece and Sicily. This pivotal expedition marked a crucial moment in the annals of Byzantine history.

1307 On this day in 1307, Külüg Khan ascended the throne as the Khagan of the Mongols and Wuzong of the Yuan Dynasty. His rule would shape the course of Mongol history and leave an indelible mark on the annals of the Yuan Dynasty, ushering in an era of significant change.

1529 The year 1529 witnessed a dramatic turn of events in the War of the League of Cognac. French forces, after a series of battles, were eventually expelled from northern Italy by the formidable Spanish army. The Battle of Landriano stands as a testament to the shifting tides of power in Renaissance Europe.

1582 Amidst the turmoil of Japan's Sengoku period, a tragic event unfolded in 1582. Oda Nobunaga, the dominant daimyō of the era, found himself forced to take his own life at the hands of his loyal general, Akechi Mitsuhide. This fateful act reverberated through the pages of Japanese history.

1621 On a fateful day in 1621, the Old Town Square in Prague witnessed a somber spectacle. Twenty-seven Czech noblemen met their end as a consequence of the Battle of White Mountain. This execution left an indelible mark on the Czech lands and their struggle for independence.

1734 In the year 1734, a tragic chapter unfolded in Montreal, New France. A slave known by the French name of Marie-Joseph Angélique faced a dire fate, having been convicted of setting a fire that ravaged much of the city. Her story remains a poignant reminder of the complexities of history.

1749 The foundations of Halifax, Nova Scotia, were laid on this day in 1749. This historic event marked the beginning of a new chapter in Canadian history, as settlers and pioneers embarked on a journey to establish a vibrant city in the heart of Nova Scotia.

1768 In 1768, James Otis Jr. delivered a speech to the Massachusetts General Court that sent shockwaves through the colonial landscape. His words challenged the authority of the King and Parliament, laying the groundwork for revolutionary ideas that would shape the American Revolution.

1788 On this day in 1788, New Hampshire made history by becoming the ninth state to ratify the Constitution of the United States. This pivotal moment solidified the framework of the young nation and set the stage for the American experiment in democracy.

1791 The year 1791 witnessed a dramatic turn of events in France. King Louis XVI, along with his immediate family, embarked on the ill-fated Flight to Varennes during the tumultuous era of the French Revolution. This daring escape attempt would have far-reaching consequences for the monarchy.

1798 In 1798, the Irish Rebellion reached a pivotal moment as the British Army clashed with Irish rebels at the Battle of Vinegar Hill. This battle, marked by intense fighting, had profound implications for Ireland's struggle for independence.

1813 The Peninsular War saw a decisive moment in 1813 when Wellington's forces secured a victory over Joseph Bonaparte at the Battle of Vitoria. This triumph in the heart of Spain marked a significant turning point in the war against Napoleon's ambitions.

1824 The Greek War of Independence took a complex turn in 1824 as Egyptian forces successfully captured Psara in the Aegean Sea. This event added a new dimension to the struggle for Greek sovereignty.

1826 In 1826, the Maniots, a fiercely independent people, achieved a remarkable feat by defeating Egyptian forces led by Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas. This battle showcased the determination of the Maniots in defending their homeland.

1848 The year 1848 bore witness to the fervor of revolution in Wallachia. Ion Heliade Rădulescu and Christian Tell issued the Proclamation of Islaz, laying the foundation for a new republican government in the midst of revolutionary upheaval.

1864 The American Civil War entered a critical phase in 1864 with the commencement of the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road. This battle marked a significant engagement in the ongoing conflict between North and South.

1898 In 1898, the United States captured Guam from Spain in a curious twist of history. The few warning shots fired by U.S. naval vessels were misinterpreted as salutes by the Spanish garrison, leading to a momentous change of hands.

1900 The Boxer Rebellion took a dramatic turn in 1900 when China formally declared war on the United States, Britain, Germany, France, and Japan. This declaration, issued under the authority of Empress Dowager Cixi, marked a tumultuous period in China's history.

1915 The year 1915 saw a landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court in Guinn v. United States. The court struck down Oklahoma's grandfather clause legislation, a significant victory in the ongoing struggle for voting rights.

1919 In 1919, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police faced a dire situation during the Winnipeg general strike. A volley fired into a crowd of unemployed war veterans resulted in tragic consequences, casting a shadow over the strike.

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