Jul 14
Today In History

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982 In a pivotal encounter, King Otto II and his Frankish army faced a momentous defeat at Cape Colonna in Southern Italy, where they clashed with the formidable Muslim forces of al-Qasim.

1223 The pages of French history turned as Louis VIII ascended to the throne of France, succeeding his father, Philip II, marking a significant transition in the monarchy and the nation's future.

1420 The Battle of Vítkov Hill unfolded as Czech Hussite forces, commanded by the indomitable Jan Žižka, achieved a resounding triumph over a Crusade army led by Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor.

1430 Joan of Arc, captured earlier by the Burgundians, found herself in the hands of Pierre Cauchon, the bishop of Beauvais, marking a critical juncture in the saga of the Maid of Orleans.

1596 During the course of the Anglo-Spanish War, English and Dutch troops embarked on a daring mission, sacking the Spanish city of Cádiz before departing the scene the very next day.

1769 An expedition led by the intrepid Gaspar de Portolá set forth from California in search of the elusive Port of Monterey, embarking on a journey with enduring historical significance.

1771 In what would become a milestone for California's mission history, the Mission San Antonio de Padua was established by the dedicated Franciscan friar JunĂ­pero Serra in modern-day California.

1789 The world-altering Storming of the Bastille unfolded in Paris, a cataclysmic event that propelled the simmering discontent into the full-blown French Revolution, celebrated annually as Bastille Day.

1790 The Inaugural Fête de la Fédération graced the French calendar, a grand celebration uniting the French populace and symbolizing national reconciliation during a time of tumultuous change.

1791 Birmingham witnessed the commencement of the Priestley Riots, a harrowing episode targeting Joseph Priestley for his support of the French Revolution, unleashing chaos and unrest in the city.

1798 In the United States, the Sedition Act of 1798 was enacted into law, criminalizing the dissemination of false or malicious statements about the U.S. government, a significant moment in American legal history.

1808 The Battle of Lapua erupted, marking a notable chapter in the Finnish War and its impact on the region's history, as opposing forces clashed in pursuit of their respective objectives.

1853 The grand stage of history was set as the Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations opened its doors in New York City, heralding the dawn of the first major world's fair on American soil.

1865 Edward Whymper and his companions etched their names in history by achieving the maiden ascent of the formidable Matterhorn, though their triumph was marred by the tragic loss of four climbers on the descent.

1874 The Chicago Fire of 1874 cast a devastating shadow over the city, consuming acres of land, hundreds of buildings, and lives, leading the fire insurance industry to demand municipal reforms from Chicago's city council.

1881 The Wild West met its end as American outlaw Billy the Kid was confronted and ultimately shot dead by Sheriff Pat Garrett in the historic Maxwell House in Fort Sumner, New Mexico.

1900 Tientsin bore witness to the relentless advance of the Armies of the Eight-Nation Alliance during the Boxer Rebellion, marking a significant turning point in this tumultuous period of Chinese history.

1902 The iconic Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice, met an untimely demise as it collapsed, tragically taking down the loggetta along with it, an architectural event that resonated through the ages.

1911 Aviation history took flight as Harry Atwood, an exhibition pilot for the Wright brothers, landed his aeroplane on the South Lawn of the White House, where he was welcomed by President Taft in a momentous display of early aviation achievement.

1915 The McMahon-Hussein Correspondence commenced, setting the stage for the shaping of the post-World War I Middle East, a pivotal chapter in the region's complex history.

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Jan 09,1913 - Apr 22,1994

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Aug 27,1908 - Jan 22,1973

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May 29,1917 - Nov 22,1963

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Oct 14,1890 - Mar 28,1969

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May 08,1884 - Dec 26,1972

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Jan 30,1882 - Apr 12,1945

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Aug 10,1874 - Oct 20,1964

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Jul 04,1872 - Jan 05,1933

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Nov 02,1865 - Aug 02,1923

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Dec 28,1856 - Feb 03,1924

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Sep 15,1857 - Mar 08,1930

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