May 23
Today In History

Historical Events in 1911

1911 Magnitude 7.7 earthquake destroys Almaty in Russian Turkestan.

1911 Gun battle in London's East End sparks political row over Winston Churchill's involvement.

1911 Kappa Alpha Psi, one of the world's oldest black fraternities, was founded at Indiana University.

1911 University of the Philippines College of Law formally established.

1911 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition reached the Ross Ice Shelf on January 14, 1911, a pivotal moment in polar exploration.

1911 The Palestinian Arabic-language Falastin newspaper is founded.

1911 Aviation history is made as Eugene B. Ely becomes the first to successfully land an aircraft on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania in San Francisco Bay.

1911 The inaugural Monte Carlo Rally kicked off, setting the stage for a long-standing tradition in the world of motorsport.

1911 The capture of Mexicali by the Mexican Liberal Party sparks the Magonista rebellion, a pivotal moment in the Mexican Revolution.

1911 The USS Terry's heroic airplane rescue at sea, saving the life of Douglas McCurdy near Havana, Cuba, in 1911, showcased the growing role of aviation in maritime safety.

1911 A groundbreaking moment in aviation history occurred when the first official airmail flight took off from Allahabad, British India. Pilot Henri Pequet, aged 23, courageously delivered 6,500 letters to Naini, a distance of about 10 kilometers.

1911 Tragedy struck the heart of New York City in 1911 when the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire claimed the lives of 146 garment workers, prompting critical reforms in workplace safety.

1911 The year 1911 bore witness to a mysterious murder in Kiev, as Andrey Yushchinsky's tragic demise set in motion the Beilis affair, captivating the world with its enigmatic twists and turns.

1911 A significant milestone in military history is reached as the M1911 .45 ACP pistol is designated as the official sidearm of the United States Army.

1911 On April 2, 1911, the Australian Bureau of Statistics conducted the nation's inaugural census, a crucial event in the development of statistical data collection in Australia.

1911 Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes made a groundbreaking discovery in 1911 when he first observed superconductivity, a phenomenon that revolutionized the field of physics.

1911 Following the resignation and passing of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached regarding the rotation of the office of President pro tempore of the United States Senate.

1911 Tsinghua University, a bastion of learning and innovation in mainland China, was established, leaving an indelible mark on the nation's educational landscape.

1911 In a landmark legal decision, the United States Supreme Court declares Standard Oil an "unreasonable" monopoly under the Sherman Antitrust Act, ordering the company's dramatic breakup.

1911 The Torreón massacre becomes a tragic chapter in Mexican history as over 300 Chinese immigrants lose their lives during the Mexican Revolution, a poignant reminder of a turbulent era.

1911 The birth of modern conservation occurred as Parks Canada, the world's first national park service, was established, forever protecting Canada's natural treasures.

1911 The Treaty of Ciudad Juárez between President Porfirio Díaz and revolutionary Francisco Madero signified a pivotal moment in the early stages of the Mexican Revolution.

1911 On May 23, 1911, the literary and intellectual heart of New York City was celebrated as the New York Public Library was officially dedicated, enriching the cultural tapestry of the city and the world.

1911 The inaugural Indianapolis 500 takes place at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, with Ray Harroun emerging as the first victor in the iconic 500-mile auto race.

1911 The RMS Titanic, a marvel of its time, took its maiden voyage from Belfast, forever etching its name into maritime history.

1911 Mexican Revolution's upheaval saw President Porfirio Díaz's flight from Mexico, altering the course of a nation in turmoil.

1911 The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company, later known as IBM, is founded in Endicott, New York, signaling the dawn of a technological giant.

1911 The coronation of King George V and Queen Mary of Teck marked a significant moment in British history as they ascended to the throne of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

1911 During the Mexican Revolution, government forces quashed the Magonista rebellion of 1911 in the Second Battle of Tijuana, restoring order to the tumultuous region.

1911 The Nakhla meteorite, a celestial visitor from Mars, made a dramatic entrance to Earth, landing in Egypt. It offered early hints of aqueous processes on the red planet, intriguing scientists and space enthusiasts alike.

1911 In 1911, Germany dispatched the gunship SMS Panther to Morocco, sparking the Agadir Crisis, a diplomatic standoff among European powers that contributed to the tensions leading up to World War I.

1911 A scorching heatwave descended upon the northeastern United States, shattering temperature records and tragically claiming the lives of 380 individuals over an 11-day period.

1911 The United States, United Kingdom, Japan, and Russia sign the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911, a pioneering treaty aimed at conserving wildlife.

1911 Aviation history took flight as Harry Atwood, an exhibition pilot for the Wright brothers, landed his aeroplane on the South Lawn of the White House, where he was welcomed by President Taft in a momentous display of early aviation achievement.

1911 Hiram Bingham III's rediscovery of Machu Picchu, the "Lost City of the Incas," in 1911, captured the imagination of the world and unveiled a hidden treasure.

1911 The historic Australasian Antarctic Expedition embarked on its journey as the SY Aurora set sail from London, opening a new chapter in polar exploration.

1911 Harriet Quimby achieved a historic milestone by passing her pilot's test, becoming the first American woman to earn an Aero Club of America aviator's certificate, breaking gender barriers in aviation.

1911 The theft of the Mona Lisa by Vincenzo Peruggia, a Louvre employee, became an iconic art heist that captured the world's attention.

1911 Portugal enters a new era as Manuel de Arriaga assumes the presidency, becoming the country's first President, marking a significant moment in Portuguese history.

1911 Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerges from California's wilderness.

1911 The Canadian Naval Service transitions to the Royal Canadian Navy, reflecting Canada's growing prominence on the world stage.

1911 French poet Guillaume Apollinaire's arrest in 1911 on suspicion of stealing the Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum sparked intrigue and controversy, making headlines worldwide.

1911 The assassination of Russian Premier Pyotr Stolypin while attending Rimsky-Korsakov's "The Tale of Tsar Saltan" at the Kiev Opera House was a tragic event during the twilight of the Russian Empire.

1911 The RMS Olympic collides with HMS Hawke, a significant maritime incident involving White Star Line's ship.

1911 His Majesty's Airship No. 1, Britain's first rigid airship, faces a dramatic mishap before its maiden flight.

1911 A catastrophic explosion occurred on the French battleship Liberté in 1911 due to degraded propellant charges.

1911 In 1911, Italy declared war on the Ottoman Empire, an event that contributed to the complex dynamics of World War I and the broader history of the Middle East and Europe.

1911 A dramatic event unfolds when an accidental bomb explosion triggers the Wuchang Uprising against the Qing dynasty, igniting the Xinhai Revolution.

1911 A day after a premature bomb explosion, the Wuchang Uprising ignited on October 10, 1911, marking the beginning of a transformative movement against the Chinese monarchy.

1911 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, assumes the role of the first Governor-General of Canada with royal lineage, strengthening ties to the Crown.

1911 The Italo-Turkish War witnessed the inaugural use of an airplane in combat during a reconnaissance flight, showcasing the evolving role of aviation in warfare.

1911 Orville Wright soared for an impressive nine minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, pioneering aviation.

1911 The Xinhai Revolution's tremors reverberated to Guangzhou, where Qing general Feng-shan met his demise at the hands of the Chinese Assassination Corps, fanning the flames of revolution.

1911 History was made with the world's first combat aerial bombing mission, executed in Libya during the Italo-Turkish War. Second Lieutenant Giulio Gavotti of Italy dropped several small bombs in this groundbreaking event.

1911 Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T.

1911 Italy's territorial ambitions were realized as they annexed Tripoli and Cyrenaica. This expansion followed Italy's declaration of war on the Ottoman Empire on September 29, 1911.

1911 A record-breaking day of extreme temperature fluctuations in the Midwestern United States due to a powerful cold front.

1911 Tragedy struck on this day in 1911 when the Doom Bar in Cornwall claimed two ships, Island Maid and Angele, leaving the latter's captain as the sole survivor, an event etched in maritime history.

1911 A tragic mine explosion near Briceville, Tennessee, resulted in the loss of 84 miners' lives despite heroic rescue efforts led by the United States Bureau of Mines.

1911 Roald Amundsen and his intrepid team, including Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting, etch their names in history as they become the first explorers to conquer the unforgiving terrain and reach the South Pole.

1911 The national anthem of India, "Jana Gana Mana," resonates for the first time in the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress, symbolizing the nation's unity and aspirations.

1911 Mongolia's quest for independence reached its pinnacle as it broke free from the Qing dynasty's rule, anointing the 8th Jebtsundamba Khutughtu as the Khagan of Mongolia. A new era dawned for the nation.

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