May 23
Today In History

Historical Events in 1905

1905 Saint Petersburg bore witness to the ominous beginning of the 1905 revolution, with Bloody Sunday leaving an indelible mark on the course of Russian history.

1905 A remarkable discovery occurred at South Africa's Premier Mine—the world's largest diamond, the Cullinan, weighing 3,106.75 carats (0.621350 kg), was found.

1905 Mexico's General Hospital inauguration opens doors to medical care, offering hope for a healthier nation.

1905 The U.S. Supreme Court delivers a landmark decision in Jacobson v. Massachusetts, upholding the constitutionality of Massachusetts's mandatory smallpox vaccination program. This ruling has far-reaching implications for public health policy.

1905 Chicago attorney Paul Harris and three other businessmen meet for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world's first service club.

1905 The call for Crete's union with Greece reverberated on March 23, 1905, as Eleftherios Venizelos initiated the Theriso revolt. This marked a significant moment in Greece's quest for territorial and political expansion.

1905 Sporting enthusiasts in the city of Rhodes rejoiced in 1905 as the Greek football club P.A.E. G.S. Diagoras was founded, adding a new chapter to the island's sporting legacy.

1905 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany sent shockwaves through the international stage by declaring his support for Moroccan independence in Tangier, igniting the First Moroccan Crisis.

1905 The Kangra Valley in India bore witness to a devastating earthquake that claimed the lives of 20,000 people, leaving Kangra, McLeod Ganj, and Dharamshala in ruins, a tragic chapter in the region's history.

1905 The United States Supreme Court's landmark decision in Lochner v. New York recognized the implicit "right to free contract" within the Fourteenth Amendment's due process clause.

1905 Einstein Completes Doctoral Thesis: Albert Einstein completes his doctoral thesis at the University of Zurich, setting the stage for his future groundbreaking work in physics.

1905 The Stratton Brothers' trial begins in London, a groundbreaking moment with the first use of fingerprint evidence in a murder case.

1905 The bustling city of Las Vegas, Nevada, comes into existence, destined to become a glittering oasis of entertainment and excitement in the heart of the American Southwest.

1905 The Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Abdul Hamid II, established the Ullah Millet for the Aromanians, marking a significant moment for the Aromanian community and their national identity.

1905 On May 23, 1905, Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire publicly proclaimed the Ullah Millet, a significant development for the Aromanian community, and the Aromanian National Day is celebrated in its honor.

1905 The Battle of Tsushima in 1905 marked the onset of the Russo-Japanese War, a pivotal conflict in the early 20th century.

1905 The Battle of Tsushima ended on May 28, 1905, during the Russo-Japanese War. Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō and the Imperial Japanese Navy achieved a decisive victory by destroying the Russian Baltic Fleet.

1905 Norway's parliament decisively dissolves its union with Sweden, a move confirmed later in the year through a national plebiscite.

1905 A mutiny erupted on June 27, 1905, aboard the Russian battleship Potemkin during the Russo-Japanese War, symbolizing the strain and discontent among the sailors.

1905 In 1905, Albert Einstein submitted the groundbreaking article "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies" for publication in Annalen der Physik, introducing the world to the concept of special relativity.

1905 Diplomatic efforts for peace in the Russo-Japanese War commenced in 1905 AD as peace negotiations began in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, marking a crucial step toward resolving the conflict.

1905 In 1905, the people of Norway made a historic decision by voting to end the union with Sweden, marking a significant chapter in Scandinavian history.

1905 A significant chapter in Chinese history unfolded when Sun Yat-sen, Song Jiaoren, and others established the Tongmenghui in Tokyo, Japan. This Republican, anti-Qing revolutionary organization played a pivotal role in China's transition to a republic.

1905 The Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt in 1905, concluded the Russo-Japanese War in New Hampshire, United States, reshaping the balance of power in Asia.

1905 The Calabria earthquake of 1905 shook southern Italy to its core, leaving behind tales of tragedy and resilience in the face of nature's fury.

1905 The Ninth Avenue derailment occurs in New York City, resulting in the tragic loss of 13 lives.

1905 Norway and Sweden sign the Karlstad Treaty, peacefully dissolving their union, shaping Scandinavian history.

1905 Albert Einstein published the third of his Annus Mirabilis papers, introducing the special theory of relativity.

1905 The Wright brothers achieved a historic milestone by piloting the Wright Flyer III in a record-setting flight of 24 miles within 39 minutes.

1905 The Partition of Bengal in India in 1905, a contentious political move, had far-reaching consequences for Indian nationalism.

1905 King Oscar II's acknowledgment of the dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden in 1905 reshaped the political landscape of Scandinavia.

1905 Czar Nicholas II issues the October Manifesto, ostensibly granting Russian citizens basic civil liberties and the right to establish a duma (October 17 in the Julian calendar).

1905 Lahti, a city in Finland, was granted city rights by Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, the last Grand Duke of Finland, enhancing the city's status and significance.

1905 Norway's referendum ratifies the government's authority to offer the throne of their newly independent nation, a significant step toward self-determination.

1905 Prince Carl of Denmark's coronation as King Haakon VII solidifies Norway's royal lineage and strengthens ties with Denmark.

1905 Albert Einstein's groundbreaking paper, which laid the foundation for mass-energy equivalence, marked a significant milestone in the world of physics.

1905 Prince Carl of Denmark arrives in Norway, where he assumes the throne as King Haakon VII, marking a significant moment in Norwegian history.

1905 Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith paves the way for political change by founding Sinn Féin as a political party, with the primary goal of establishing a dual monarchy in Ireland, shaping the course of Irish history.

1905 France enacted a law that separated church and state, marking a significant step in the secularization of the nation and the disentanglement of religious and political affairs.

1905 In 1905, Kyiv, Ukraine, a part of the Russian Empire, becomes the backdrop for a workers' uprising that establishes the short-lived Shuliavka Republic, marking a chapter in Ukraine's struggle for autonomy.

1905 The Pushkin House is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia, as a tribute to preserving the rich cultural heritage of the esteemed poet Alexander Pushkin.

1905 Rugby Union witnessed the legendary "Match of the Century" on December 16, 1905, as Wales and New Zealand clashed at Cardiff Arms Park in a thrilling contest that captured the imagination of rugby fans worldwide.

1905 The year 1905 took a grim turn as former Idaho Governor Frank Steunenberg was assassinated at the front gate of his Caldwell home, a shocking and tragic event that left a lasting impact on the state.

Famous US Presidents

Joe Biden

Nov 20,1942 - Present

THE 46TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Donald Trump

Jun 14,1946 - Present

THE 45TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Barack Obama

Aug 04,1961 - Present

THE 44TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

George W. Bush

Jul 06,1946 - Present

THE 43RD PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Bill Clinton

Aug 19,1946 - Present

THE 42ND PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

George H. W. Bush

Jun 12,1924 - Nov 30,2018

THE 41ST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Ronald Reagan

Feb 06,1911 - Jun 05,2004

THE 40TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Jimmy Carter

Oct 01,1924 - Present

THE 39TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Gerald Ford

Jul 14,1913 - Dec 26,2006

THE 38TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Richard Nixon

Jan 09,1913 - Apr 22,1994

THE 37TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Lyndon B. Johnson

Aug 27,1908 - Jan 22,1973

THE 36TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

John F. Kennedy

May 29,1917 - Nov 22,1963

THE 35TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Oct 14,1890 - Mar 28,1969

THE 34TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Harry S. Truman

May 08,1884 - Dec 26,1972

THE 33RD PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Jan 30,1882 - Apr 12,1945

THE 32ND PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Herbert Hoover

Aug 10,1874 - Oct 20,1964

THE 31ST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Calvin Coolidge

Jul 04,1872 - Jan 05,1933

THE 30TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Warren G. Harding

Nov 02,1865 - Aug 02,1923

THE 29TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Woodrow Wilson

Dec 28,1856 - Feb 03,1924

THE 28TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

William Howard Taft

Sep 15,1857 - Mar 08,1930

THE 27TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES