May 23
Today In History

Historical Events in 1891

1891 Liliʻuokalani's proclamation as the final monarch and sole queen regnant of Hawaii marks the end of an era for the island kingdom.

1891 The northern city of Porto in Portugal witnessed the outbreak of the first attempt at a Portuguese republican revolution on January 31, 1891, a significant moment in the country's history.

1891 The pristine wilderness of Shoshone National Forest is forever protected as the first national forest in the United States and indeed, the world, is established.

1891 Almon Strowger patented the Strowger switch, a groundbreaking invention that automated telephone circuit switching.

1891 Tragedy strikes in the Bay of Gibraltar as SS Utopia collides with HMS Anson, resulting in the sinking of SS Utopia and the loss of 562 lives among its 880 passengers. A somber maritime incident.

1891 Torpedo boats sealed the fate of the ironclad Blanco Encalada in Caldera Bay during the Chilean Civil War in 1891.

1891 The Music Hall in New York City, soon to be Carnegie Hall, opens with Tchaikovsky as its inaugural guest conductor.

1891 Pope Leo XIII's encyclical Rerum Novarum marks a significant moment in modern Catholic social teaching, defending both workers' rights and property rights with a profound moral voice.

1891 The International Electrotechnical Exhibition debuts in Frankfurt, Germany, featuring the world's first long-distance transmission of high-power, three-phase electric current, a landmark achievement in technology.

1891 The first public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope marked a transformative moment in the history of cinema, ushering in the era of motion pictures.

1891 France extends its influence by annexing Tahiti, marking a significant event in the Pacific region.

1891 The Basilica of San Sebastian in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed, representing a remarkable architectural achievement.

1891 A devastating hurricane unleashes its fury on Martinique, resulting in a catastrophic loss of life, property, and livelihoods, forever etching this tragedy into the island's history.

1891 Commissioning of Finland's first hydropower plant at Tammerkoski rapids, revolutionizing energy production.

1891 Stanford University opens its doors in California, becoming a renowned institution of higher learning and contributing to the growth of academic excellence in the United States.

1891 The Minoan civilization, with its enigmatic labyrinthine palaces and rich cultural heritage, continues to intrigue scholars and archaeologists, offering glimpses into a fascinating ancient world.

1891 Astronomy reaches new heights as Asteroid 323 Brucia becomes the first celestial body discovered through the innovative technique of photography.

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John F. Kennedy

May 29,1917 - Nov 22,1963

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Oct 14,1890 - Mar 28,1969

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May 08,1884 - Dec 26,1972

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Dec 28,1856 - Feb 03,1924

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Sep 15,1857 - Mar 08,1930

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