May 23
Today In History

Historical Events in 1864

1864 The American Civil War takes an intriguing turn as the H. L. Hunley becomes the world's first submarine to successfully engage and sink a warship, the USS Housatonic.

1864 The Battle of Olustee erupts during the American Civil War, marking the largest confrontation in Florida during the conflict. This battle leaves a profound impact on the state's history and its role in the war.

1864 American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia.

1864 Sheffield, England, experienced a tragic disaster on March 3, 1864, when the Great Sheffield Flood claimed the lives of 238 people, leaving a lasting impact on the city and its inhabitants.

1864 Tragedy unfolds at the Battle of Fort Pillow, where Confederate forces brutally attack surrendered African American soldiers in Tennessee.

1864 The Battle of Plymouth, a critical engagement in the American Civil War, kicked off as Confederate forces launched an attack on Plymouth, North Carolina.

1864 The Battle of Dybbøl witnessed a Prussian-Austrian coalition defeating Denmark, leading to Denmark's relinquishment of the province of Schleswig as part of a subsequent peace settlement.

1864 The U.S. Congress passed the Coinage Act of 1864 on this date, authorizing the inscription "In God We Trust" on all newly minted United States currency coins, a phrase that continues to hold great significance today.

1864 The Battle of Marks' Mills witnessed a clash where Confederate forces attacked Union soldiers and wagon teamsters, resulting in heavy casualties, further intensifying the American Civil War.

1864 Against the backdrop of the American Civil War, Theta Xi fraternity was founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, fostering enduring bonds among its members.

1864 The American Civil War's Battle of the Wilderness begins, marking a brutal chapter in U.S. history.

1864 General Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Potomac makes a strategic move, breaking away from the Battle of the Wilderness during the American Civil War.

1864 Sunderland, England, witnesses the launch of the City of Adelaide, the world's oldest surviving clipper ship, destined for the Britain-Australia trade route.

1864 The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House raged in 1864 during the American Civil War, marked by intense combat, including hand-to-hand fighting at "the Bloody Angle," a brutal and iconic episode of the conflict.

1864 In the midst of the American Civil War, the Battle of New Market sees Virginia Military Institute students fighting alongside the Confederate army, influencing the fate of the Shenandoah Valley.

1864 The Battle of Ware Bottom Church, part of the Virginia Bermuda Hundred campaign, featured a confrontation with 10,000 troops and ended in a Confederate victory.

1864 Russia's declaration of the end of the Russo-Circassian War led to the forced exile of many Circassians, a day remembered as the Circassian Day of Mourning.

1864 The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House marked a crucial chapter in the American Civil War, with significant implications for its outcome.

1864 The Ionian Islands' reunification with Greece symbolized a historic moment in the nation's quest for territorial integrity.

1864 The Union Army's ambitious Red River Campaign, aimed at gaining control of Confederate-held territory during the American Civil War, ended in failure after a grueling ten-week campaign.

1864 The United States witnesses the organization of Montana as a territory, a unique moment in the westward expansion that would shape the nation's landscape and history.

1864 Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico made his inaugural arrival in Mexico on May 29th, 1864. This moment marked the beginning of a turbulent chapter in Mexican history during Maximilian's ill-fated reign.

1864 The Battle of Cold Harbor, a harrowing chapter in the Overland Campaign, witnessed the clash of Northern and Southern might in the Civil War.

1864 The American Civil War rages on as Union forces launch a daring attack against Confederate troops in Hanover County, Virginia, in the Battle of Cold Harbor.

1864 The Battle of Piedmont in the American Civil War witnessed Union forces, led by General David Hunter, achieving a resounding victory. This battle played a crucial role in shaping the war's outcome.

1864 Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest achieved a significant victory over a much larger Union force in the Battle of Brice's Crossroads, Mississippi.

1864 The Battle of Cold Harbor during the American Civil War unfolded in 1864. Ulysses S. Grant's decision to withdraw Union troops from Cold Harbor, Virginia, resulted in a Confederate victory and shaped the war's course.

1864 The Second Battle of Petersburg ignites during the American Civil War, a pivotal moment in the conflict's course.

1864 Arlington National Cemetery's genesis occurs as 200 acres of the Arlington estate, formerly owned by Confederate General Robert E. Lee, are designated as a military resting place by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.

1864 The American Civil War entered a critical phase in 1864 with the commencement of the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road. This battle marked a significant engagement in the ongoing conflict between North and South.

1864 The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain during the American Civil War on June 27, 1864, witnessed Confederate forces prevailing over Union troops, shaping the course of the conflict.

1864 Tragedy strikes as a train, carrying mainly German and Polish immigrants, plummets into the Rivière Richelieu near St-Hilaire, Quebec, resulting in one of Canada's deadliest railway disasters.

1864 In 1864, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln granted Yosemite Valley to California for "public use, resort, and recreation," paving the way for the preservation of this natural wonder.

1864 Dimitri Atanasescu paves the way for education in the Balkans by establishing the first Romanian school for the Aromanians in Trnovo, within the Ottoman Empire's borders.

1864 The Ikedaya Incident of 1864 unfolded as the Choshu Han shishi executed a planned Shinsengumi sabotage operation in Kyoto, Japan, marking a significant chapter in the nation's history.

1864 The American Civil War takes an audacious turn as Confederate forces mount an audacious attempt to invade the nation's capital, Washington, D.C., during the Battle of Fort Stevens.

1864 The Third Battle of Nanking in 1864 AD marked a turning point in the Taiping Rebellion as the Qing dynasty finally defeated the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.

1864 During the American Civil War, the Battle of Peachtree Creek took place near Atlanta, Georgia, on July 20, 1864. Confederate forces, under the leadership of General John Bell Hood, unsuccessfully attacked Union troops commanded by General William T. Sherman.

1864 The Battle of Atlanta unfolds as Confederate General John Bell Hood's attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman is repelled on Bald Hill during the American Civil War.

1864 The American Civil War's Battle of Kernstown in 1864 witnessed Confederate General Jubal Early defeating Union troops under General George Crook in a pivotal Shenandoah Valley conflict.

1864 The American Civil War's Battle of Ezra Church saw Confederate forces making a valiant but unsuccessful attempt to dislodge Union forces from Atlanta, Georgia.

1864 The Battle of the Crater's explosive attempt to breach Confederate lines in Petersburg, Virginia.

1864 The Battle of Mobile Bay, part of the American Civil War, features Admiral David Farragut's Union flotilla sealing one of the last major Southern ports.

1864 The Uruguayan War commenced in 1864 AD after Uruguay's Blanco Party refused Brazil's demands, setting the stage for a conflict with far-reaching consequences in South America.

1864 On this date in 1864, the Battle of Gainesville unfolded in Florida during the American Civil War, culminating in a Confederate victory against Union forces near Gainesville.

1864 The American Civil War rages on as Union forces launch the Battle of Globe Tavern, a determined effort to disrupt Confederate supply lines into Petersburg, Virginia, with implications for the war's outcome.

1864 The Bakumatsu Kinmon incident unfolded on this date, as jōi shishi from the Chōshū Domain launched an audacious assault on the imperial capital of Kyoto. This event played a pivotal role in the turbulent history of Japan's late Edo period.

1864 Twelve nations unite to sign the First Geneva Convention, laying the groundwork for the protection of victims in armed conflicts worldwide.

1864 During the American Civil War, the Union Navy captured Fort Morgan, Alabama, on August 23, 1864, breaking Confederate dominance of Gulf of Mexico ports, except for Galveston, Texas. This event had strategic significance.

1864 The American Civil War reaches a crucial juncture as Union forces, under the command of General William T. Sherman, launch a decisive assault on the city of Atlanta.

1864 As the American Civil War rages on, General John Bell Hood's orders seal the fate of Atlanta, ending a protracted siege by General William Tecumseh Sherman, a pivotal moment in the conflict's trajectory.

1864 Union forces entered Atlanta in a historic moment of the American Civil War, a day after Confederate defenders abandoned the city, concluding the Atlanta Campaign.

1864 The evacuation of Atlanta in 1864, ordered by Union General William Tecumseh Sherman during the American Civil War, symbolized a turning point in the conflict's outcome.

1864 John Bell Hood initiates the Franklin-Nashville Campaign in the American Civil War, a pivotal moment in the struggle for the South's independence.

1864 In the largest Shenandoah Valley battle, Union troops under Philip Sheridan defeat Confederate forces commanded by Jubal Early.

1864 The Battle of Chaffin's Farm, fought in 1864 during the American Civil War, had a profound impact on the conflict's trajectory, with implications for the future of the United States.

1864 The Treaty of Lisbon, signed in 1864, defined boundaries between Spain and Portugal, marking the end of the Couto Misto microstate and affecting the political landscape of the Iberian Peninsula.

1864 Confederate forces achieve victory over a Union attack on Saltville, Virginia, leading to a tragic massacre of wounded Union prisoners.

1864 In a maritime episode during the American Civil War, a US Navy vessel captures a Confederate raider in a Brazilian port.

1864 A crucial moment in the American Civil War occurs when Union cavalrymen defeat Confederate forces at Toms Brook, Virginia.

1864 Amid the American Civil War, the Union garrison in Glasgow, Missouri, surrenders to Confederate forces, altering the course of the conflict.

1864 The Battle of Cedar Creek culminates, eliminating the last Confederate threat to Washington, DC, during the American Civil War.

1864 Confederate agents based in Canada execute audacious bank robberies in Saint Albans, Vermont, as part of their covert activities during the American Civil War.

1864 The American Civil War saw its final significant engagement west of the Mississippi River with the Battle of Westport, concluding in a Union triumph.

1864 The Union's unsuccessful attack on the Confederate capital of Richmond during the American Civil War underscores the challenges and complexities of the conflict that tore a nation apart.

1864 The Treaty of Vienna is inked, leading to Denmark's territorial concessions to Prussia and Austria.

1864 Nevada joins the United States as the 36th state, adding a new star to the nation's flag.

1864 November 4, 1864, witnessed a dramatic event during the American Civil War as Confederate troops bombarded a Union supply base, leading to the destruction of millions of dollars in materiel in the Battle of Johnsonville.

1864 The Battle of Bull's Gap, a three-day engagement during the American Civil War, culminated in a Union rout as Confederate forces, led by Major General John C. Breckinridge, pursued them to Strawberry Plains, Tennessee.

1864 Union General William Tecumseh Sherman commenced his historic March to the Sea during the American Civil War on this day, a strategic campaign that left an indelible mark on the history of the conflict.

1864 American Civil War history is marked by a daring attempt by a group of Confederate operatives, who identify as the Confederate Army of Manhattan, to set fire to multiple locations in New York City. Their efforts, however, ultimately prove unsuccessful in burning down the city.

1864 A tragic chapter unfolds in Colorado Territory as Colorado volunteers, under Colonel John Chivington, massacre over 150 Cheyenne and Arapaho noncombatants, leaving a dark stain on history.

1864 The Battle of Spring Hill witnesses a missed opportunity for the Confederate Army of Tennessee to crush the Army of the Ohio, shaping the trajectory of the American Civil War.

1864 The American Civil War witnesses a brutal battle as the Confederate Army of Tennessee suffers heavy losses in an assault on the Union Army of the Ohio during the Battle of Franklin.

1864 At Waynesboro, Georgia, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick thwart Confederate General Joseph Wheeler, safeguarding Union General William T. Sherman's iconic March to the Sea during the American Civil War.

1864 Pope Pius IX's encyclical Quanta cura and the Syllabus of Errors assert Catholic authority and censure liberal ideals during a transformative period.

1864 December 10, 1864, witnessed a crucial moment in the American Civil War as Major General William Tecumseh Sherman's Union Army reached the outer Confederate defenses of Savannah, Georgia, during his famous March to the Sea.

1864 The Battle of Nashville unfolds, leading to the decisive destruction of the Confederate Army of Tennessee by the Union Army of the Cumberland.

1864 The Battle of Nashville unfolded on December 16, 1864, during the American Civil War. The Union's Army of the Cumberland routed and effectively destroyed the Confederacy's Army of Tennessee.

1864 General Sherman's Christmas gift to President Abraham Lincoln arrives as Savannah, Georgia, succumbs to the Union's Army of the Tennessee, symbolizing a turning point in the American Civil War.

1864 The onset of the Second Schleswig War in 1864 was marked by Prussian forces crossing the border into Schleswig, igniting the conflict.

1864 Maximilian of Habsburg ascends as emperor in Mexico amid French intervention, a chapter in the nation's complex history.

1864 In the Second Schleswig War, the Danish navy triumphs over Austrian and Prussian fleets in the Battle of Heligoland.

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