May 23
Today In History

Historical Events in 1849

1849 The Colony of Vancouver Island is established.

1849 British forces retreat from the Sikhs in the Second Anglo-Sikh War's Battle of Chillianwala.

1849 After a nine-month-long struggle, the Siege of Multan came to an end as the last Sikh defenders surrendered, marking a critical moment in the Second Anglo-Sikh War and shaping the fate of Multan, Punjab.

1849 In a groundbreaking achievement for gender equality, Elizabeth Blackwell receives her M.D. from the Geneva Medical College, becoming the first female physician in the United States.

1849 The birth of the Roman Republic unfolds as an important chapter in Italian history, marking a transition towards greater political change.

1849 Metropolitan bishop Andrei Șaguna led a delegation to Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria, presenting the General Petition of Romanian leaders in Transylvania, Banat, and Bukovina, advocating for the recognition of the Romanian nation.

1849 In a historic moment, James Knox Polk, the serving President of the United States, has his photograph taken in New York City, a pioneering use of photography in politics.

1849 The rugged wilderness of the American frontier transforms as the Territory of Minnesota is formally established, laying the foundation for a new state.

1849 The United States undergoes a unique transition as President-elect Zachary Taylor and Vice President-elect Millard Fillmore delay their oaths of office for a day.

1849 The Battle of Novara culminates in the Austrian triumph over the Piedmontese, reverberating through the annals of Italian history.

1849 The United Kingdom's annexation of the Punjab is a pivotal moment in British colonial history, further consolidating their presence in the Indian subcontinent.

1849 Lajos Kossuth's impassioned presentation of the Hungarian Declaration of Independence in 1849 reverberated through closed doors, heralding Hungary's quest for autonomy.

1849 Lord Elgin's signing of the Rebellion Losses Bill in Canada sparked the Montreal Riots, as the English population expressed outrage, reflecting the complex political landscape of the time.

1849 The fervor of revolution ignites as the May Uprising erupts in Dresden, signaling the culmination of the German revolutions of 1848, a chapter etched in the annals of European history.

1849 The Astor Place Riot in Manhattan, New York City, stemming from a feud between actors Edwin Forrest and William Charles Macready, escalates into a tragic and chaotic event.

1849 The flames of the Sicilian revolution of 1848 are finally extinguished, marking the end of a fervent struggle for independence in the heart of the Mediterranean.

1849 In a unique twist to his legacy, future U.S. President Abraham Lincoln was granted a patent for his invention designed to lift boats, making him the sole U.S. president to hold such a patent.

1849 Denmark took a significant step towards modern governance as it embraced constitutional monarchy through the signing of a new constitution. This move marked a turning point in Danish political history.

1849 In 1849, France intervened decisively in the Roman Republic, restoring the Papal States. This intervention had significant implications for the balance of power in Italy and the broader European context.

1849 The ship Joven Daniel met a tragic fate off the coast of Araucanía, Chile, amid allegations of local Mapuche tribe involvement, highlighting the complexities of 19th-century maritime life.

1849 The first-ever recorded air raid occurs as Austria launches pilotless balloons against Venice, foreshadowing the future of aerial warfare.

1849 The Passaleão incident, involving the assassination of João Maria Ferreira do Amaral in Portuguese Macau, triggers a military confrontation between China and Portugal.

1849 President Faustin Soulouque's audacious proclamation transforms Haiti as he assumes the imperial mantle, inaugurating the Second Empire of Haiti.

1849 In the midst of the Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire, Venice, which had declared itself independent as the Republic of San Marco, capitulates to Austrian forces following an arduous month-long siege.

1849 On this day in 1849, American abolitionist Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery, eventually becoming a prominent figure in the Underground Railroad and the fight against slavery in the United States.

1849 The Hungarian war of independence ended tragically with the execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad, heroes of a lost cause.

1849 The Colombian city of Manizales finds its genesis as 'The Expedition of the 20' lays the foundation for a vibrant and culturally rich future.

1849 In 1849, writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky faced a death sentence in Russia for his involvement with a radical intellectual group, although his punishment was later commuted to hard labor.

1849 Antonio María Claret y Clará plants the seeds of spiritual devotion as he founds the Congregation of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, affectionately known as the Claretians, in the picturesque province of Vic, Catalonia, Spain.

1849 The official establishment of the Territory of Minnesota is a pivotal moment in the region's history, paving the way for its eventual statehood.

1849 The flames of independence ignite as Hungary proclaims itself free from Austrian rule, with Lajos Kossuth emerging as a pivotal figure in this historic declaration.

Famous US Presidents

Joe Biden

Nov 20,1942 - Present

THE 46TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Donald Trump

Jun 14,1946 - Present

THE 45TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Barack Obama

Aug 04,1961 - Present

THE 44TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

George W. Bush

Jul 06,1946 - Present

THE 43RD PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Bill Clinton

Aug 19,1946 - Present

THE 42ND PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

George H. W. Bush

Jun 12,1924 - Nov 30,2018

THE 41ST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Ronald Reagan

Feb 06,1911 - Jun 05,2004

THE 40TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Jimmy Carter

Oct 01,1924 - Present

THE 39TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Gerald Ford

Jul 14,1913 - Dec 26,2006

THE 38TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Richard Nixon

Jan 09,1913 - Apr 22,1994

THE 37TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Lyndon B. Johnson

Aug 27,1908 - Jan 22,1973

THE 36TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

John F. Kennedy

May 29,1917 - Nov 22,1963

THE 35TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Oct 14,1890 - Mar 28,1969

THE 34TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Harry S. Truman

May 08,1884 - Dec 26,1972

THE 33RD PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Jan 30,1882 - Apr 12,1945

THE 32ND PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Herbert Hoover

Aug 10,1874 - Oct 20,1964

THE 31ST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Calvin Coolidge

Jul 04,1872 - Jan 05,1933

THE 30TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Warren G. Harding

Nov 02,1865 - Aug 02,1923

THE 29TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Woodrow Wilson

Dec 28,1856 - Feb 03,1924

THE 28TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

William Howard Taft

Sep 15,1857 - Mar 08,1930

THE 27TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES