May 23
Today In History

Historical Events in 1791

1791 The Big Bottom massacre occurs in the Ohio Country, marking the start of the Northwest Indian War.

1791 The Siege of Dunlap's Station began near Cincinnati in 1791 during the Northwest Indian War.

1791 Canada's Split: The Constitutional Act of 1791 divides the old Province of Quebec into Upper Canada and Lower Canada, shaping Canada's history.

1791 Congress passed a momentous law, officially admitting Vermont into the Union. This legislative action, effective from March 4, formalized Vermont's status after 14 years of operating as a de facto independent state, largely unrecognized.

1791 A groundbreaking moment in communication occurred in 1791 when Claude Chappe demonstrated the world's first semaphore line near Paris, revolutionizing long-distance messaging.

1791 The Union grows stronger as Vermont, known as the "Green Mountain State," is admitted as the fourteenth state of the United States.

1791 A historic moment unfolds as the Sejm of Poland proclaims the groundbreaking Constitution of May 3, the first of its kind in Europe, shaping the future of modern governance.

1791 Maximilien Robespierre's proposition of the Self-denying Ordinance during the French Revolution sparks debates on political ethics, as revolutionary ideals take shape.

1791 King Louis XVI's daring escape attempt from Paris in 1791, disguised as a valet, marks a dramatic chapter during the turbulence of the French Revolution.

1791 The year 1791 witnessed a dramatic turn of events in France. King Louis XVI, along with his immediate family, embarked on the ill-fated Flight to Varennes during the tumultuous era of the French Revolution. This daring escape attempt would have far-reaching consequences for the monarchy.

1791 In Padua, Emperor Leopold II's call for European monarchs to support Louis XVI's freedom set the stage for complex diplomatic negotiations during the French Revolution.

1791 Birmingham witnessed the commencement of the Priestley Riots, a harrowing episode targeting Joseph Priestley for his support of the French Revolution, unleashing chaos and unrest in the city.

1791 During the tumultuous days of the French Revolution, General Lafayette commands the French National Guard to open fire on a crowd of radical Jacobins at the Champ de Mars in Paris, resulting in numerous casualties.

1791 The Treaty of Sistova is signed, bringing an end to the Ottoman-Habsburg War. This treaty helps stabilize relations in the Balkans, marking a pivotal moment in the diplomatic history of the region.

1791 During the Northwest Indian War, American troops launched an attack, destroying the Miami town of Kenapacomaqua near what is now Logansport, Indiana.

1791 In a significant precursor to the Haitian Revolution, enslaved individuals from Saint-Domingue gather for a Vodou ceremony led by houngan Dutty Boukman at Bois Caïman, igniting the spark of rebellion against their oppressors.

1791 The Vodou ceremony led by Dutty Boukman that turned into a violent slave rebellion marked the beginning of the Haitian Revolution, transforming the Caribbean's history.

1791 The Haitian slave revolution ignites in Saint-Domingue, Haiti, a struggle for freedom that eventually leads to the world's first successful slave rebellion.

1791 John Fitch secures a pioneering United States patent for the steamboat, heralding a new era of transportation and commerce.

1791 Frederick William II of Prussia and Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, issue the Declaration of Pillnitz, pledging support for the French monarchy, a gesture that ignites the flames of revolution and the War of the First Coalition.

1791 HMS Pandora meets its tragic end as it sinks after running aground on the outer Great Barrier Reef, marking a somber day in naval history.

1791 Olympe de Gouges penned the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen in 1791, a groundbreaking document advocating for women's rights during the French Revolution.

1791 Washington, D.C., the gleaming capital of the United States, is christened in honor of President George Washington, solidifying its role as the epicenter of American governance.

1791 The winds of change swept across France on September 13, 1791, as King Louis XVI accepted the newly crafted constitution, heralding a new era in the nation's history.

1791 The loss of Avignon to Revolutionary France marked a significant turning point in the Papal States' history during the tumultuous era of the French Revolution.

1791 On September 27, 1791, France's National Assembly voted to grant full citizenship to Jews, a pivotal moment in the struggle for equal rights and religious freedom. This decision had far-reaching implications for the Jewish community in France.

1791 Two months before Mozart's passing, "The Magic Flute" receives its world debut.

1791 France's National Constituent Assembly dissolves, making way for the National Legislative Assembly.

1791 The French Legislative Assembly convenes for the first time, shaping the early stages of the French Revolution and heralding a period of profound political change.

1791 The Battle of the Wabash on November 4, 1791, during the Northwest Indian War, saw the Western Confederacy of American Indians achieve a major victory over the United States, shaping the nation's early history.

1791 November 9, 1791, marked the foundation of the Dublin Society of United Irishmen, a significant step towards Irish independence.

1791 The Observer, the world's inaugural Sunday newspaper, graces the press with its first edition, a pioneering moment in the history of journalism.

1791 The United States Bill of Rights officially becomes law following its ratification by the Virginia General Assembly, safeguarding fundamental freedoms.

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